Some rare and obscure pulmonary and pleural conditions. by Robert Hall

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Written in English

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Edition Notes

From The Lancet, I, 61.

Book details

Other titlesLancet.
The Physical Object
Pagination8 p. ;
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Open LibraryOL21389393M

Download Some rare and obscure pulmonary and pleural conditions.

The Lancet An Address ON SOME RARE AND OBSCURE PULMONARY AND PLEURAL CONDITIONS. Being the Presidential Address delivered to the Ulster Medical Society on Nov.

3rd,Robert Hall L.R.C.P. & S. EDIN. SENIOR PHYSICIAN TO BELFAST INFIRMARY AND TO BELFAST MUNICIPAL SANATORIUM; CONSULTING PHYSICIAN, ULSTER VOLUNTEER FORCE Author: Robert Hall. Pleural disease Occupational pleural disorders almost exclusively concern those who have had exposure to asbestos fibres (and perhaps also refractory ceramic fibres).

Nonmalignant pleural disorders, such as localised pleural plaques, are a relatively frequent occurrence, even in those who have had light exposure to asbestos. Rare and orphan lung diseases Supplementary Material. Italian version.

Related Chapters. Genetic susceptibility. Chapter 3. read more (Genetic susceptibility) Interstitial lung diseases. Chapter read more (Interstitial lung diseases) Close; Print; Easy read; Chapters. Editors' introduction Lung cancer; Pleural disease.

Pleural content anomalies. Pneumothorax: a collection of air within the pleural cavity, arising either from the outside or from the thoraces may be traumatic, iatrogenic, or spontaneous.A tension pneumothorax is a particular type of pneumothorax where the air may enter (though a defect of the chest wall, lung, or airways) on inspiration, but cannot exit on lty: Respirology.

However, some people in their 60s, 70s and 80s can get adult onset asthma. Meyer says asthma is a reversible obstructive lung disease.

He’s seen asthma patients who are able to improve their breathing flow rates better than those who have the respiratory disease known as COPD.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). SAUL SUSTER, CESAR A. MORAN, in Modern Surgical Pathology (Second Edition), Bone- and Cartilage-Forming Tumors.

This group of primary sarcomas of the lung is extremely rare. Few well-documented cases have been reported in the literature. The presence of malignant bone or cartilage in a lung tumor more often indicates carcinosarcoma, and a diligent search must be made for.

Pulmonary venous hypertension can lead to accumulation of blood in the lung which puts the affected individual at a higher risk for developing pleural effusions and pulmonary edema.

Like PAH, pulmonary venous hypertension can cause high blood pressure in the pulmonary. The book also discusses the identification and characterization of recently publicized pulmonary infections. Encompassing text, abundant color figures, and multiple tables, Lung and Pleural Pathology is a practical yet complete guide to the current pathologic diagnosis of pulmonary disease, including: Emerging pulmonary diseases.

Re-expansion Pulmonary Edema: • Re-expansion pulmonary edema is a rare but potentially lethal condition that can occur with the rapid reexpansion of a collapsed lung (after a varied period of time) after tube thoracostomy is used to drain air (pneumothorax) or fluid (pleural effusion) from the pleural space.

Because PPB is rare and other conditions of the lung are more common, PPB may not be initially suspected when a child has these symptoms. Children are often treated with antibiotics for weeks, but when these symptoms are caused by PPB, they generally do not improve with antibiotics.

Background. Primary lung sarcoma is a very rare but aggressive tumor representing less than % of all malignant lung tumors.

1 Because of the rarity of lung sarcoma, very little is known about the clinical behavior and treatment of these tumors. Most of the patients affected are young and present with persistent respiratory symptoms such as cough, hemoptysis, chest wall pain and dyspnea.

Rickettsiosis, Q fever, tularemia, and anthrax are all bacterial diseases that can affect the pleura. Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) and Mediterranean Spotted Fever (MSF) are caused by Rickettsia rickettsii and Rickettsia conorii, l fluid from a patient with MSF had a neutrophil-predominant exudate.

Extrapleural hematoma is a nonpleural mimic of pleural tumor and shares some imaging features with focal tumorlike conditions of the pleura, despite residing in the extrapleural space. Diffuse tumorlike conditions of the pleura include diffuse pleural thickening and rare conditions such as Erdheim-Chester disease and diffuse pulmonary.

Pleurisy, also known as pleuritis, is inflammation of the membranes that surround the lungs and line the chest cavity (). This can result in a sharp chest pain while breathing. Occasionally the pain may be a constant dull ache. Other symptoms may include shortness of breath, cough, fever or weight loss, depending on the underlying cause.

The most common cause is a viral infection. Diseases of the pleural space are common. In this review we discuss the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of pneumothorax, pleural effusion, and empyema. or obscure, as in occasional.

Orphan lung diseases differ from the more common pulmonary disorders, due to the fact that the respiratory physician will only see a few of them each year or even during their career.

However, as a specialist, it is necessary to identify and confirm such a diagnosis in a patient. This Monograph comprehensively covers the most common and/or complex of these orphan lung diseases.

Bronchiolitis Obliterans (Popcorn Lung) Bronchiolitis obliterans is a rare chronic lung disease that worsens over time.

It also goes by the nickname “popcorn lung.” The condition damages the tiniest airways in your lungs (bronchioles), causing coughing and shortness of breath.

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) - PO BoxGaithersburg, MD - Toll-free: contact gard Office of Rare Disease Research Facebook Page Office of Rare Disease Research on Twitter. This review article is an update of what should be known for practicing basic lung ultrasound in the critically ill (LUCI) and is also of interest for less critical disciplines (e.g.

pulmonology). It pinpoints on the necessity of a professional machine (not necessarily a sophisticated one) and probe. It lists the 10 main signs of LUCI and some of the main protocols made possible using LUCI. Pleural mesothelioma is rare. Only about 3, people are diagnosed each year. The pleural type is the most common form of mesothelioma.

Most diagnoses are made in older men because of past workplace exposure to asbestos. Pleural mesothelioma can be treated with a combination of chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery. Pleural effusion and interstitial lung disease are very uncommon manifestations of KFD.

In our experience, treatment with oral prednisone was effective. Kikuchi-Fujimoto's disease (KFD), also called histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, is a rare, idiopathic and self-limited condition usually characterized by cervical lymphadenopathy and fever.

This rare condition occurs most commonly in the urinary tract and is due to the accumulation of macrophages unable to destroy phagocytosed bacteria.

In the lung, malakoplakia [41, 42] is often secondary to Rhodococcus equi infection, Gram-positive coccobacilli common in the environment, which may cause fatal pneumonia in horses.

Occasionally. Pulmonary actinomycosis is a rare but important and challenging diagnosis to make. Even when the clinical suspicion is high, the disease is commonly confused with other chronic suppurative lung diseases and with malignancy. An early, accurate diagnosis will prevent the considerable psychological and physical morbidity, including unwarranted surgery, associated with delayed diagnosis.

The causes of pleural disease depend upon what type of disease you have. Pleural effusion is excess fluid in the pleural cavity. The most common cause is congestive heart failure. Other causes include lung cancer, pneumonia, tuberculosis, liver disease, pulmonary embolism, lupus, and reaction to certain medications.

Pleurisy is pain associated with inflammation of the pleural cavity. The most. Lung Disease Resources. Types and Causes of Lung Diseases - Diseases Affecting Other Tissues (JANUARY ) A number of diseases adversely affect lung function.

Some impact the airways or lung tissues directly while others impede normal breathing by. Lung diseases, like COPD, tuberculosis, and acute lung injury, cause pneumothorax. Injury to the chest is the most common cause of hemothorax.

Treatment focuses on removing fluid, air, or blood from the pleural space, relieving symptoms, and treating the underlying condition. NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. It is a compendium of 19 chapters about 17 different rare lung diseases.

Some are quite rare (eg, pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis), but some are seen with some frequency by consulting pulmonary physicians (eg, pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis), and some are relatively common (sarcoidosis). However, if a pleural effusion becomes serious enough, it can cause pressure and eventual collapse of the lung, so it must still be taken seriously.

Unlike pulmonary embolisms, the causes of a pleural effusion include autoimmune conditions, leaking of fluid from other organs, a pulmonary embolism, pneumonia, cancer or some other infection. The scarring of lung tissue can significantly decrease your lung functioning and make breathing a challenge.

The disease can be deadly. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, fromthere w deaths in the U.S. from asbestosis. Helpful, trusted answers from doctors: Dr.

Raff on no acute pulmonary or pleural disease on lung x ray: I obviously have to make some assumptions without seeing the films myself. First, I believe that "hyperinflated" was meant instead of hyperinflamed, as it is a more common term.

It is used often when lungs appear over gh it sometimes suggests air trapping seen in asthma, or. Pleura, plural pleurae, or pleuras, membrane lining the thoracic cavity (parietal pleura) and covering the lungs (visceral pleura).

The parietal pleura folds back on itself at the root of the lung to become the visceral pleura. In health the two pleurae are in contact. When the lung collapses, however, or when air or liquid collects between the two membranes, the pleural cavity or sac becomes. A yr-old male with a longstanding history of psoriatic arthritis presented with a 6-week history of dry cough without other respiratory symptoms.

His other past medical history showed hypertension and type II diabetes mellitus. He took methotrexate mg weekly (commenced 9 yrs previously), folic acid, aspirin, nortriptyline, metformin, valsartan and insulin.

The patient was an ex-smoker. Pleural diseases remain a common and challenging clinical problem. With an estimated million new pleural effusions diagnosed annually in the United States, the incidence approaches that of diabetes ( million new diagnoses annually) and eclipses that of congestive heart.

Some patients with pleural effusion have no symptoms, with the condition discovered on a chest x-ray that is performed for another reason. The patient may have unrelated symptoms due to the disease or condition that has caused the ms of pleural effusion include.

Pulmonary hydatid disease affects the right lung in ∼60% of cases, 30% exhibit multiple pulmonary cysts, 20% bilateral cysts and 60% are located in the lower lobes 9.

Pulmonary echinococcosis can follow intrathoracic rupture of a cyst of the li but most patients with pulmonary hydatid disease do not show liver involvement The type (pleural or peritoneal) and stage of the cancer (localized or advanced) play a role on prognosis.

Some clinical studies suggest that peritoneal mesothelioma may have a better prognosis than pleural mesothelioma, with the appropriate treatment. A positive prognostic factor is also associated with cancer that has not metastasized.

-rare cancer of mesothelial cells; usually in parietal or visceral pleura (less common in peritoneum and pericardium)-about 50% have direct history of exposure to asbestos (direct or indirect)-pleural fibrosis and plaque formation-affected lung is covered by yellow-white, firm layer of tumor that obliterates the pleural.

Pulmonary lymphatic disorders are rare and are often mistaken for serious pulmonary diseases. Among such disorders are pulmonary lymphangiectasis, which is often fatal in children; lymphangiomatosis, which comprises multiple lymphangiomas and typically has multiorgan involvement; and lymphatic dysplasia syndrome, which results in peripheral lymphedema and pleural effusions.

1 Pulmonary. A total of patients who had received a diagnosis of pleural TB underwent CT scans at the time of diagnosis.

Among them, 34 patients were excluded because of total lung collapse (n = 21) or coexisting pulmonary diseases such as reexpansion edema (n = 5), pneumonia (n = 3), malignancy (n = 2), pneumoconiosis (n = 2), and pulmonary edema (n = 1).

0 causes are "rare" diseases 0 causes are "very rare" diseases 5 causes have no prevalence information. See the analysis of the prevalence of 7 causes of Pulmonary obstruction.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Pulmonary obstruction: The following list of conditions have 'Pulmonary obstruction' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. 1 causes are "rare" diseases 13 causes are "very rare" diseases causes have no prevalence information.

See the analysis of the prevalence of causes of Pleural effusion. Conditions listing medical symptoms: Pleural effusion: The following list of conditions have 'Pleural effusion' or similar listed as a symptom in our database.

This.Pleural calcification can be the result of a wide range of pathology and can be mimicked by a number of conditions/artifacts. True calcification. calcified pleural plaques from asbestos exposure: typically with sparing of the costophrenic angles; hemothorax; infection involving the pleura: e.g.

pyothorax/empyema tuberculous pleuritis 3; previous surgery.Pleural disease (including mesothelioma) Pleural disease is almost exclusively linked to exposure to asbestos. Although asbestos-use is now illegal, people who were exposed to the condition at a young age are now living with the illness in old age.

Pleural diseases can be non-malignant, which means the tumour does not have the potential to spread.

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